The production of seeds and planting material is a biological process that involves pollination and takes place in open nature. In such production processes 100% purity cannot be achieved. Consequently seed legislation works with thresholds when defining varietal purity.
The same is true when working with genetically modified organisms (GMO). If there are GMO in the environment it can not be guaranteed that seeds produced in the same environment are 100% free from GMO. Thresholds have to be defined regarding the possible adventitious presence of GMO in conventional seeds.
There are no registered GMO varieties on the Russian market. However, GMO plant material can be sold in Russia for consumption purposes and it is likely that there has been illegal production of GMO varieties. Consequently there is GMO in the environment.
BDP asks for the recognition of the fact that the production of seeds and planting material 100% free of GMO is not possible in a GMO environment. The BDP proposal for a threshold for the maximum adventitious presence of GMO in conventional seeds is 0.9%.
Awareness for the necessity of thresholds for GMO in conventional seeds should be raised in discussions with relevant experts in the Russian Federation.